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托福听力考试中容易被误解的词组

2019-04-09 17:22来源:思润雅思托福浏览:

在 托福听力 考试中,有一些被反复强调的重难点词汇考生往往并不会忽略,而影响考生听力信息摄取的障碍恰恰是那些没什么生词、听起来马马虎虎,感觉又似懂非懂的听力短语。下面
托福听力考试中,有一些被反复强调的重难点词汇考生往往并不会忽略,而影响考生听力信息摄取的障碍恰恰是那些没什么生词、听起来马马虎虎,感觉又似懂非懂的听力短语。下面思润小编就给同学们分享托福听力考试中容易被误解的词组。
1.anythingbut

听力原句:

Librarian:Oh,wellIguessyoumightthinkthat.ButwhenIsawitbackthenitwasanythingbutboring.

语境释义:并不;一点也不

注:近似词组nothingbut意为“只不过是”

例如:It'snothingbutajoke.

2.insuchshortnotice

听力原句:

Student:Hi,thanksforseeingmeinsuchshortnotice.

语境释义:如此仓促

3.inperson

听力原句:

Manager:Right,thechoir.It’snicetofinallymeetyouinperson.So,youarehavingproblemswith...

语境释义:亲自,当面

4.high-end

听力原句:

Pro:Ok,basicallytheyhavetoofferthingsthatmostpeoplecanfindanywhereelse,youknowquality,thatmeansbetterexerciseequipment,high-endstuff,andclasses-exerciseclassesmaybeaerobics.

语境释义:高端的

5.drive…home

听力原句:

Therefore,it’sbesttobeanon-conformist–todoyourownthing,notworryingaboutwhatotherpeoplethink.That’sanimportantpoint.Hereallydrivesthisargumenthomethroughouttheessay.

语境释义:把(论点、问题等)讲得透彻、明白

6.goofoff

听力原句:

Student:Iwentofftothestackandfoundsomereallygoodmaterialformypart,butwhenIgotbacktoourtable,theywerejustgoofingoffandtalking.SoIwentandgotmaterialsfortheirsectionsaswell.

语境释义:游手好闲,混日子

7.godownthedrain

听力原句:

Student:Iknow,butIdidn’twanttorisktheprojectgoingdownthedrain.

语境释义:前功尽弃,付诸东流

8.startfromscratch

听力原句:

Student:Butwe’vegotallthesourcesandit’sduenextweek.Wedon’thavetimetostartfromscratch.

语境释义:从头开始

9.comedownto

听力原句:

It’sbeenshapedbyconstraintsovervaststretchesoftime,allofwhichcomesdowntothefactthatthebestforagingstrategyforbeaversisn’ttheonethatyieldsthemostfoodorwood.

语境释义:归结为

10.openspot

听力原句:

Iamafraidwedon’thaveanyopeningsatlunchtime.Alotofstudentswanttoworkthen,soitisreallyrareforustohaveanopenspotatthattimeofday.

语境释义:职位空缺

11.notnecessarily

听力原句1:

Well,designdoesn'tnecessarilyincludethingslikesculpturesordecorativewalkwaysor…oreveneyecatchingwindowdisplays,youknowart.

听力原句2:

Professor:That’sanotherpossiblereasonalthoughitdoesn’tnecessarilyexplainotherbehaviorssuchaseating,drinkingorsleeping.”

语境释义:不一定,未必(不是“不需要”或者“不必要”的意思!)

12.beatoddswith

听力原句:

Theytrytofitinwiththerestoftheworldeventhoughit’satoddswiththeirbeliefsandtheiridentities.

语境释义:与…相违背、相冲突

注:在听力中该短语会有连读,要多听。

13.lesser-known

听力原句:

Employee:Youareluckytohaveprofessorwhoincludesthelesser-knownwriterlikeheronthesyllabus,youknow,nottheusualauthorswe’veallread.

语境释义:不知名的

14.prosandcons

听力原句:

Imeannoonereallythinksthat,sayabeegoesthroughweighingtheprosandconsofpollinatingthisflowerorthatflower.

语境释义:权衡利弊,仔细斟酌

15.inadifferentlight

听力原句:

Student:Imean...Beingawaiter,Igettoseealotoftheprofessors,likeinadifferentlight,wejokearoundalittleyouknow.Intheclassroom,theyalwayshavetobeprettyformal,but…

语境释义:从不同的角度,从另外一面

16.lowkey

听力原句:

Pro:Oh,that'sverythoughtfulofyou,Eric,butitwillbelowkey,nothingflashy.That'snotherstyle.

语境释义:低调的,不张扬的

17.commondenominator

听力原句:

Therearevariationsonthismodelofcourse,butthecommondenominatorsarealwaysanideaofcreatingashoppingspacethatwillgetpeopletoshopinthecitywithoutneedingtheircars.

语境释义:共同点,共性

注意:denominator本意为“分母”

18.tongueincheek

听力原句:

ButifyoutookawayalltheDNAthatcodesforgenes,youstillhavemaybe70%oftheDNAleftover.That’stheso-calledJUNKDNA.Thoughthewordjunkisusedsortoftongueincheek.

语境释义:半开玩笑地

19.pullthemfromthinair

听力原句:

Tobegin,howdowecreatefictionalcharacters?Wedon’tjustpullthemfromthinair,dowe?Imeanwedon’tcreatethemoutofnothing.

语境释义:凭空捏造

20.touchbase

听力原句:

Advisor:Hi,StevenIschedulethisappointment,causeithasbeenawhilesincewetouchedbase.

语境释义:联系,进行接触

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