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雅思口语解答思路要讲清的5W2H

2019-01-25 14:41来源:浏览:

摘要:雅思口语解答思路要讲清的5W2H一文为我们讲述了在雅思口语的答题之前,我们应该怎样运用5w2h的方法来构思说话内容的思路。5W2H法是一种常用的理清思路的方法,同学们可以参

雅思口语解答思路要讲清的5W2H为你带来在雅思口语考试中,我们在整理要说的内容的答题思路时需要用到的5个w和2个h。有一些同学听到5w2h应该已经很熟悉了。这个思路最早是用在咨询业里面的。意在为了说清楚咨询师写出来的咨询计划的内容,现在我们将他用在同样是output的雅思口语考试中,一样的适用。

备考雅思的同学们大部分都知道想要在口语中拿到高分一定要做好雅思评分标准中的fluency,vocabulary,grammar和pronunciation。但在实际雅思口语练习的时候却都会时不时遇到这样一个瓶颈——无话可讲。这对口语来说是很致命的一个问题,没有内容作依托,所有雅思评分标准中的口语能力都无法展示,所以了解丰富答案内容的方法是备考雅思口语的当务之急。在本文中,雅思小编将和烤鸭们探讨和分享一些简单实用的拓展答题思路的策略,希望可以成为考生们争取高分的有力武器之一。

一.雅思口语拓展思路方法之:多重细节

造成答案过短的主要原因之一就是“只回答”考官所提的问题。而是事实上,考官提问的目的并不“只想听”问题的答案。在基本答案的基础上,考生们需要主动给出更多额外信息,因为考官想听到更多“语言能力”的展示。

所以大部分的题目的核心拓展思路为:Direct answer + X

1. X= 5WH+ How Often

这个方法基本就是“自问自答”,把与核心内容相关的各方面信息主动提供给考官,然后连缀成完整的答案。下面我们来看一下part1和part2的一些真题演示。

Part 1真题:Have you travelled recently?

思路演示1 :Yes, I have. (Direct answer)Last month(when) I went to Hong Kong(where) with my parents(who). We had a great time at the Disney Land and went shopping,too.(what) 思路演示2: No,I haven’t(Direct answer). I’m been busy with my studies(why).But after the exam(when), my parents and I(who)are going to Hong Kong and we would like to go to Disney Land and go shopping, too. (what)

Part 2真题:Describe a library that you have used.

You should say:

where it was

what type of library it was

what you used the library for

what you liked and /or disliked about this library

and explain how useful it was for your studies or research.

思路演示:“where it was”: on campus(Direct answer)

(Where): It was next to our teaching building of English Department (When) : It was built 50 years ago when our school was established. (Who) : Most of the students liked to go there as well as the teachers (How often): I almost went there everyday especially around exam time.

我们可以看到,这个方法简单易行,是拓展思路最基本的方法,只要具备基本的语法功底就可以轻松做到。 但在part2中笔者建议考生们不要使用“过量”,因为part2有严格的时间限制,如果每一条point都补充很详细的信息很有可能会遗漏卡片上的重要信息,甚至会让考官觉得你“跑题”,所以适可而止就可以了。

2. 雅思口语拓展思路方法之X= examples

在基本答案之后,考生可主动引入例子。我们来看一下常见真题的演示:

Part 1 真题: What's your favourite type of music? 思路演示: Well,I’m a big fan of Modern Popular Music(Direct answer), you know, like Hip-Pop, Rap, Rhythm and Blues , Rock ‘n roll, things like that… Part 3 真题:What kinds of films do people in China like to watch? 思路演示:Well, they watch a broad range of movies, in fact(Direct answer). For instance, men prefer Action & Adventure , Martial Arts and Romantic Comedy. But women are more into Romance and Romantic Comedy. And children are quite interested in Science Fiction and Animated Cartoons

以上就是雅思口语解答思路要讲清的5W2H的全部内容,同学们都掌握了这种有用的思路方法了吗?雅思是非常重视逻辑思维的考试,不仅在我们常常说的作文里面,在口语里。雅思一样重视说话的逻辑构成和思路,因此,我们在开口说自己的内容前,需要进行一个规划,要说些什么,先说什么,后说什么,中间怎么串起来,这就是雅思口语的解题思路。

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